Martyrdom of Imam Hassan – (Peace Be Upon Him)

Hassan was named al-Hassan because Allah keeps the skies from falling on earth with his beneficence. Ali and Hassan are both names with derived from Allah’s name and Hussein is derivative of Hassan.

The above were two narrations from holy prophet of Islam, our master prophet Muhammad (SAWS). Prophet,peace and blessings be upon him, had a special love for Imam Hassan (a) and Imam Hussein (a) because of many things. They were sons of his pure daughter Fatima (sa) and commander of faithful Ali (a). Hassan (a) and Hussein (a) were also from the purified progeny of prophet according to Quran (33:33) and narration of Cloak ( Hadith al-Kisa)and they were the Imams according to the prophet “whether they sit or stand”.

Imam Hassan (a), after the martyrdom of his father commander of the faithful, Imam Ali (a), was his son, became an Imam. Mu’awiyah was an enemy of Imam Ali (a) during his life time but had been defeated by the Imam so he couldn’t challenge the commander of faithful while he was alive. But after his martyrdom, he found an opportunity to take on the power except that he learnt that people had pledged  allegiance to Imam Hassan (a), the second Imam, hence set off towards Iraq to fight for  the Imam Hassan’s (a) seat of government and leadership.

Mu’awiyah started his war by deceiving the commanders and close ones to Imam Hassan (a) with money and promise of power to revolt against him. Mu’awiyah also killed many innocent people and did many hard to family or prophet Muhammmad (saws) to take on power. Therefore Imam Hassan (a) , to prevent any more bloodshed and unrest among Muslims and to prevent any further abuse of family of prophet, accepted the peace treaty proposed by Mu’awiyah but Imam never recognized Mu’awiyah as a Caliph or righteous authority of the Muslims.

Threaten by presence of Imam, Mu’awiyah later killed the Imam in 50 A.H. by conspiring Imam Hassan’s wife  to poison and kill the Imam in his own home.

Imam Hassan (a) was a known to be a lonely Imam and he was never safe or secure even in his own home an he ended up becoming a martyr in his own home, a very heart breaking life and life ending this righteous Imam had!.

Remembering Imam Hassan (a)
Imam Hassan (a) other names were al-Mujtaba, al-Sibt, al-Sayyid, al-Zaki, and  al-Taqi.  Among all members of family, he had the most similar look to apostle of Allah (SWT), prophet Muhammad (SAWS).
Imam Hassan(a) was described he had a white, “reddish face” with black eyes, thick beard with curly plentiful hair. His body was in good form. Imam had large shoulders with and big fleshy bones and medium height; Not too tall or two short. He was known to be veery handsome and most handsome among the people.

Imam Hassan was best known for his manners and ethics. He was seen sitting with poor and accepting their lunch offer. He was asked why was he sitting with homeless poor his response was “Indeed, God does not love the proud”.

Imam was very charitable as he had freed slaves, helped the poor, even he was very kind towards those whom (out of ignorance) verbally abused him.

His Burial
When Imam Hassan (a) was dying, his last wish to be buried with his grand farther prophet Muhammad (SAWS). However the governor of Media at the time, Said b. al-As, didn’t allow that. Today Imam is buried in Janatul-Baqi, Jannatul Baqi, also known as Al-Baqi, which is a destroyed cemetery in current Saudi Arabia.  Wahabis destroyed cemetery due to their twisted and misguided non-Islamic ideology.

 

 

Why Shias Wear Black?

Shia Muslims wear black when mourning and when attending the majalis (gatherings) of Imam Hussein (a) and Ahlulbayt (family) and attending mosques.  Shias are known to wear black and many question why Shias wear black and in fact some such as Salafis and Wahabis accuse Shias of innovations or being like Jews!

To address such falsehood against us Shias, we must teach who is opposing our views and spreading such falsehood;

The Wahabis; Who Are the Wahabis and Salafis ?

Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab was follower of Hanbali school of thought and jurisprudence. He studied Islamic studies in Mecca, Media, and Basra in Iraq. His early teaches such as Ibn Humaydi, perceived him to be bad performing student  who is  arrogant and defiant with his teachers. Hence father of Muhammad ibn ʿAbd al-Wahhab pulled him out of that school and he did not complete his studies.  He later became friend and student of a young Hanbali scholar, Mohammad Hayya Al-Sindhi whom was very influential on Abd al-Wahhab’s teachings that was a reformist movement that deviated from traditional teachings of Sunnis and even the Hanabli school of thought including rejection of popular religious practices associated with Walis (guardians, custodians of religion) and their tombs.

Early Teachings of Abd Al-Wahhab

His early teachings were in agreement with the Saudi ruler of the time Uyayna, Uthman ibn Mu’ammar in exchange of support of Abd Al-Wahhab’s views. His first teachings were banning what he called “grave worship”, which was simply visiting the graves of Ahlulbayt and companions and other respected people. The second was cutting down trees and destroying anything that people found to be holy. Then he and his followers oppressed and punished whoever celebrated birthdays or death anniversary of anyone,  even Ahlulbayt or companions. They called it to be Shirk, (polytheism), and deviation from their version of Islamic teachings. His followers to this day are very intolerant towards any other school of thoughts in particular Shias and Sufis.

Followers of teachings of Abd Al-Wahhab were later called to be Wahabis by others (because of his last name) and over the years, they were also given other names such as Salafis because of their methods of following salaf. These groups  are known to Takfir(deny and reject faith of) other Muslims whom don’t agree with their methods.

Wahabis and Salafis Accuse Wearing Black as an Innovation
Strong opponents of Shia Muslims are currently Wahabis and Salafis that accuse us Shias to be innovators. They say many practices that we Shias do such as mourning and wearing black is innovation and doesn’t have a place in Islam. In fact, they ban wearing black in their mosques and gatherings in Saudi Arabia and elsewhere where they have control over because they say this is not in Sunnah (tradition) of prophet Muhammad (SAWS) nor the Ahlulbayt (family) or companions of prophet. They claim prophet  didn’t mourn nor did he wear black and he didn’t allow it either.

We Shia Muslims however reject that thinking and that that ideology with proof. Our Shia books there are many evidence that both prophet and his companions wore black, cried and mourn for their beloveds but to have a stronger proof, we have selection traditions from their own books (Sunnis books) that wearing black is indeed in accords with teachings and traditions of prophet Muhammad (SAWS) and all prophets.

Wearing Black is Prophet’s Sunnah (Tradition)
Below are according to Sunni sources where prophet and his companions wore black and ordered others to wear black.

According to Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 855), the founder of school of thought of Hanbali that Wahabis and Salafis are influenced by, prophet ordered people to wear black for 3 days for mourning of Hamza (a) his uncle after he became a martyr. After three days prophet then said that people could come out of mourning. Hence if mourning or wearing black was so bad and outside of Islamic practices, why did prophet order it and allowed it to continue for three days?

This order was also repeated after Jafar-ibn Abi Talib was martyred, the holy prophet ordered people to wear black for 3 days symbolizing his mourning.

It is also narrated in their books after martyrdom of commander of faithful Imam Ali (a), Imam Hassan (a) wore black to observe and mark mourning for his Imam and his father Ali-ibn-Abi Talib (a).

Also according to their sources, even Lady Fatima Zahra (sa), daughter of prophet Muhammad (SAWS), would follow this tradition. After prophet Muhammad (SAWS) passed, she wore black.

It is also narrated in the Sunni sources that after Imam Hassan (a) war martyred,  people wore black for a year as result of mourning for him. They attended his funeral wearing black in presence of Imam Hussein (a).

If wearing black was against customs and tradition of prophet Muhammad (SAWS), wouldn’t Imam Hussein (a) oppose it? After all Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) had said;

Hussein is from me and I am from Hussein.
He who loves Hasan and Hussein, loves me, and he who makes them angry has made me angry

According to Ibn Asir, a Sunni scholar, admits that all Bani Hashim (from prophet’s family), were wearing black, all women and many people of that family were mourning for Imam Hassan (a) and wore black for a year mourning for the Imam.

In conclusion, wearing black is not against Islamic traditions neither is mourning when it comes to a believer. If there it was disallowed by prophet at any point, it was probably in regards to an enemy of Islam or a non-friendly non believer. When it comes to Muslims and believers especially the Ahlulbayt (family) and progeny of prophet, it is highly recommended to observe mourning and wearing black as they are arks of guidance and salvation.

Sunni References:
The narrations claimed and mentioned above in regards to mourning and wearing black according to Sunnah of Prophet according Sunni books and sources below:

Faegh Fi Gharb 2, P 192
Taj Uroos 2, P 83
Gharib Hadith 1, P 490
Tabaqat Kubri 2, P 321
Sir Alaalam Nublah Zahabi 3, P 267

 

Islam from a Woman’s View

“I remember discovering Islam and realizing that what Islam does is to protect the innocents and essence of a person! “

Above is a quote from our convert sister in faith Rebecca Masterton who at UK based Ahlulbayt TV. She expresses her views on Islam and her reasons of becoming Muslim.

We like to share the video because there are many beautiful points are made in this video that all of us at some level can related to. I have tried to summarized the points below:

  • Not Everything is as It Appears – The video is very interesting because of the negative reps Islam has received because of bad deeds of misguided people and also the western media and western propaganda , Islam has been known as an intolerant religion toward women and that oppresses women and women’s rights. In response to that she says: not everything is as it appears.
  • Materialism and Secularism – She explains that materialism and secularism are deviation from God and these were among of becoming a Muslim. She was born as a non Muslim in a secular surrounding and the surrounding was so secular that led her the other way. The point I am trying to make is that those of us that live in western society, can also view things in such way so we can serve our local centers more.
  • Self Struggle – She talks greatly about self struggle of a person in a physical and materialistic society and the personal struggle a Shia Muslim can face.  Prophet Muhammad (saws) called this the great jihad which means great struggle of the soul. She describes this struggle not only resist personal temptations and overcome weaknesses but also a struggle to stick firmly on principles of  truth and Islam even when your friends, family, surroundings a society and everything else is straying from it.
  • Challenging Journey – Islam according to teachings of Ahlulbayt for her is a especial journey that is not understood by everybody but just some. This can give good prospective and good motivation to keep going on in the path even-though the crowd maybe a few.
  • Important to Keep Communication – For converts she emphasizes that it is important to keep communication with immediate family at some level so they accept your new path. This is the type of challenge even the Muslim borns face. Many of them have families that are moderate or that they not that religious so her recommendation is to keep trying to negotiate and work things out until a level where you have a mutual understanding.
  • Shortness of Life – Shortness of life can remind a person of his or her duty to stay focus on what is important  and that is to satisfy Allah’s through following the teachings of prophet and Ahlulbayt peace be upon them. It is important to keep being reminded of them so one doesn’t get  distracted of what is really important.
  • Pass on to Next Generations – She focuses that we owe it to Allah (SWT) to pass on what we know and what we learned to the next generations so they don’t get lost or if they do, there is a way for them to find their path back to Allah (SWT) and truth. This is extremely important in western societies where it is easy to get lost and distracted from path of God.
  • Be Truthful – She refers to a dream she had of our master Imam Hussein (a) where she saw Imam Hussein (a) was in a battle but she was far from Imam in a way she could not really help the Imam just see him in battle. After thinking about that dream, she realized that commitment to living truthfully and dedicating herself more to Islam.
  • Be Active in the Community – She also interpreted that dream that it was needed of her to be more active in the community. She said she was working on her Phd degree so she spent a lot of her time studying, working and researching.  She wasn’t too involved with the community but after seeing that dream, she realized that reclusiveness and secludedness wasn’t going to have a good future for her faith and she had to go out and serve in the Shia community.  This is why she started working for Ahlulbayt TV.  A couple months after that she found herself in Karbala near Haram of Imam Hussein (a).

We highly recommend you to watch this video as it is very inspiring for all Muslims whom have their own struggles at some level. May Allah (swt) bless you and guide you through our masters, the Ahlulbayt.

The 5 Signs of a True Believer; Observing Arbaeen

In these times of mourning and remembrance of our master Imam Hussein (a), grandson of our owner (sahib) prophet Muhammad (saws), it is important to remember that Imam Hussein (a) and his companions gave  their lives in order to preserve Islam and traditions of prophet Muhammad (saws) so it could be passed on to next generations to produce true believers (momins) to serve God almighty and religion of Islam.

Who Are the True Believers (Momins)?
Certainly the holy Quran has a general definition of the word “mominin” or true believers. God almighty in Quran says in Surah Surat Al-Mu’minūn (The Believers)

Successful indeed are the believers,
Who are humble in their prayers,
And who keep aloof from what is vain,
And who are givers of charity(zakat),
And who guard their private parts,
Except before their mates or those whom their right hands possess, for they surely are not to be blamed,
But whoever seeks to go beyond that, these are they that exceed the limits;
And those who are keepers of their trusts and their covenant
And those who keep a guard on their prayers

[Quran:32:1-9]

But as narration of Salaqean, prophet Muhammad (saws) said that we need to follow both Quran and his purified household (itrat). Below is the narration again:

“O people, I am leaving among you that which if you hold on to you shall never go astray: the Book of God and my kindred, my household.”

There are a several version of this narration which all mean the same thing; The household of prophet (Ahlulbayt) are those with true knowledge of Quran and are teachings of prophet and religion. They are the key to Quran and what it really means so in order for one to really understand Quran, he or she needs to follow their narrations and teachings.

True Believers (momins) According to Ahlulbayt

The narrations from the holy Infallible Imams whom are from progeny of prophet Muhammad (peace & blessing be upon them all) have guided true believers (momins) to  attend Arbaeen, the 40th day of martyrdom anniversary of Imam Hussein (a), in Karbala; To keep Hussein (a) and that tragedy of Karbala alive in hearts and minds. In fact attending Arbaeen , the worlds largest pilgrims, is considered to be one of the rituals of a believers. This is because prophet Muhammad (saws) said :

“Indeed the Earth laments over the death of a true believer (Momin) for the period of 40 days”

The 11th Imam, Imam Hasan al-Askari (a) considered attending Arbaeen to be one of the clear and apparent signs of a true believer when he said “The signs of a true believer are five:

  1. 51 rak’at of Salat (per day – 17 of which are the obligatory prayers and 34 which are the recommended daily prayers)
  2. Ziyarat Arbaeen (Observing Arbaeen);
  3. Wearing a ring on the right hand (an Aqeeq ring);
  4. Placing the head on the earth (during prostration in prayers);
  5. Openly pronouncing “بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم” (Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem) when reciting the two chapters in each prayers.

Observing of Arbaeen, the believers recite in Karbala (or at home) a especial form of dua or prayer for Imam Hussein (a) and his companions.

Significance of Number of 40 for the Believers
Arbaeen means the 40th in Arabic and the number 40 is considered to be one of the important and holy numbers in Islam and  Quran.  The significance of number 40 is seen in the holy Quran where God almighty has repeated it in many times in various verses:

“And when We appointed a time of forty nights with Moses, then you took the calf (for a god) after him and you were unjust.” (Quran-2:51)

He said: So it shall surely be forbidden to them for forty years, they shall wander about in the land, therefore do not grieve for the nation of transgressors.” (Quran-5:26)

The above are just a couple of verses that God almighty signifies the number 40 in Quran. There are other verses where Quran talks of number 40!

The 5th Imam, Imam Muhammad Al-Baqir (a) said:
Indeed the heavens lamented over the death of Hussein (a) for a period of 40 days.

His holy son, Imam Jafar Sadiq (a) the 6th Imam said:

The heavens cried for forty days with blood (weeping) over Imam Husayn; the earth cried for forty days by being covered with darkness; the sun cried for forty days by being in eclipse and turning red; the mountains were torn apart and dispersed; the seas gushed out and the angles cried for forty days over him. After Imam Husayn’s martyrdom, all of our women stopped coloring their hair, using kohl, applying oil, and styling their hair until the head of Ubaydullah ibn Ziyaad was sent to us; and even after that we (all) continued to weep over him.

As mentioned earlier, there is a especial type of prayer that is for this day called Ziarah of Arbaeen that is highly recommended for all Muslims especially believers to recite on that day. One doesn’t have to be in Karbala to recite this dua, but he or she can do it at home, office, or his mosque.

 

World’s Largest Pilgrimage!

Arbaeen is the World’s Largest Pilgrimage That You (May) Have Never Heard Of! Find out Why

by Ali Reza

This article was inspired by article by Sayed Mahdi al-Modarresi’s article on Huffington Post. The article has similar title except that I give my own opinion about why you may not have heard of this large Pilgrimage.

He writes about Pilgrim of Karbala, also known as Arbaeen, which is the most crowded muslim pilgrim even greater than Hajj according to the article by “actors of five”. Last year reports were around 20 million in attendance, about 60% of Iraq’s population; Of course people had come very everywhere, even United States and Canada. I was blessed and honored to attend, a memory which I will never forget and will share in another post, insha-Allah (God’s will). And yes Karbala is located in south of Iraq with the Shia population majority.

This is a very dangerous pilgrimage because of the instability in Iraq over the years especially with the terrorist militant group “daesh” (ISIS or Islamic State in English), occupying the Northern Iraq and performing many terrorism operations outside, there are many many lives that could be in danger. Nevertheless such threats, millions this year are expected to attend Arbaeen and probably exceed the numbers from last year despite the danger. This is to pay alliance to Imam Hussein (a).

Why You May Have Never Heard of Arbaeen Pilgrimage?
There are a various reasons that you may not have heard about this Pilgrimage but my humble opinion is Sunnis and their ideology. Sunnis, in particular Salafi and Wahhabi Sunnis (a popular trend among Sunnism born in Saudi Arabia), find any other pilgrimage or visiting the graves of believers as Shirk (idolatry)! They refer to their books of early days of Islam, when Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) according to their books, had prohibited early Muslims of visiting the graves of their dead relatives. While those narrations are questionable,  many open-minded Sunnis and also Sufis (another branch of Sunnism) believe that was a temporarily ban by the prophet because he was concern that Muslims don’t fall into idolatry. But as the roots of faith became strong and idolatry was removed from believers’ heart, the holy prophet later allowed visiting graves of relatives and believers, allowing them to send  peace, blessings and prayers for their loved ones and other believers. This is why some Sunnis including Sufis, are probably the most open minded among Sunnis when it comes to such things. Nevertheless, Salafi and Wahhabis are the ones that are winning the hearts of the Sunnis because of the support they receive from oil rich Saudi Arabia and Arab countries around the Persian gulf expanding the Salafi & Wahhabi ideology. In other words, they have hijacked the religion of Islam for their own political purposes by promoting their views and condemning the other ones.

Another reason that you may not have heard of this pilgrimage is because of Shias are a small minority pretty much everywhere in the world except Iran and Iraq. In addition in the West, Muslims are a minority and Shias are a minority among the Muslims. In other words, Shias are a minority within minority so they have a small voice to express the importance of this Muharram, Ashura, and Pilgrim. Also Shias don’t have a strong oil rich country backing them up on growing Shia ideology. The only two Shia majority countries are Iran and Iraq neither of these two countries have not been too helpful in growing Shiism. Iran is too busy with her own political agenda and regional ambitions and Iraq has been too unstable lacking any form of solid state leadership or government which is why there are many civil wars and civil unrest there.

Last reason I can think of is message of Imam Hussein (a) itself. Imam Hussein (a) took his entire family, relatives, and close companions to Karbala from Medina. He and his family and companions walked days in the hot desert of Karbala to get to there except to be surrounded and killed.  (hence many walk from those cities). His cause and reason were not of worldly desired but to submit to God’s will and his religion. There many lessons can be learned one of them is not letting oppressors to continue their oppression!  To invite people to good and discourage them from evil.

This is the type of message that can intimidate the world’s rulers, governments and their controlled media hence there is much resistance to give media attention. Even in Shia Iran, the government recently shut down the offices of  a Satellite TV station called Imam Hussein TV. That happened just days before Muharram started.

In conclusion, there is much misunderstandings about month of Muharram, day of Ashura, and pilgrim of Arbaeen even among Muslims. These misunderstandings are not unintentional, they are seeds of ignorance planted by the worlds rulers to keep people in the dark so they avoid the tragedy of Karbala. For over 1400 years, they have declared war against Karbala, because they fear the message it has. They feared that people would be moved by it. Because Hossein (a) stood for everything that was Godly and good or he abhorred everything that was Satanic and bad. He had very little tolerance toward existence of evil and he had absolutely no tolerance towards injustice and oppressions! This is what makes the entire rulers of the worlds to shake because most are unjust, especially those rulers that are  the rulers of so-called Muslim world.

Let humanity awakens and every tribe will claim Hussain as their own – Josh Malihabadi

Human Rights in Islam;

It is sad when one sees so much of human rights are being abused and violated in the so called Muslim world and among the muslims. It is very sad because Islam stands for fairness and human rights even for non-Muslims.

Early days of Islam, prophet Muhammad (SAWS) was known to be a very fair, kind, and generous person to everyone. This is why when he announced his prophethood, there were some that accepted his prophethood right away because he was an honorable and fair person.  Even his enemies, knew prophet was a good man and if God almighty was to choose a prophet from among people of Arabia  it had to be him. This is why they fought him and they didn’t want him to grow his ideology but when his enemies failed, they decided to corrupt Islam from within and throughout 1400 years they have been successful  doing so. The first thing they did is to poison and kill him and tell everyone he died of a natural death. He didn’t! But sadly most Muslims don’t know how prophet died and are trained now to even ask!

After death of prophet, his family and grandchildren and relatives were killed then his close companions. His enemies did everything they could to make sure that there is nothing left of real Islam but just a name and text which was something prophet had prophesied. Islam, a religion that once stood for equality, equity, and human rights, now appears to be one of the most feared and unjust religions, because of non-stop efforts of enemies of Islam within.

As conscious Muslims, we find it to be our responsibility to battle this by educating others that Islam does indeed stand for human rights and equality and we will do everything we can to re-introduce those concepts to everyone.

How Does Islam Stand for Human Rights?

There maybe some verses in Quran that says things like “kill the non-believers”  or “kill them (infidels) wherever you find them” but those verses are often taken out of context and misinterpreted. Quran is referring to those non-believers who have waged unfair wars against Muslims and the innocents, killing them and their families  cold blood. These were the exceptional cases where Quran allowed fighting back because in many verses earlier it prohibited killing as shown in verses below:

Do not take life, God has made life sacred. (6:151)
Do not take life, God has made (life) sacred, except for a just cause. If anyone is killed unjustly, We allow justice through his heir but do not allow him to exceed bounds when it comes to taking life, for he is helped (by the law)” (17:33)

Quran even stood for fairness toward the unbelievers and wanted to save them. For an example, Pre-Islamic Arabs were mostly Pagans who had a very dark and wrong tradition among many other traditions they had. They would bury their newborn daughters alive (for whatever Sanatic reason). Quran reveals the verse below condemning this act admonishing them that God would punished them and ask them in hereafter:

For what crime she was killed ( 81:9)

Reading prophet’ traditions, a fair reader can see prophet’s love toward humanity as many times he was remembered praying for ordinary people and their guidance and he went beyond what could do to help guide people. He tried so hard to the point God told Prophet in Quran said the verses below:

We have not sent down to you the Qur’an that you be distressed (20:2)

Prophet’s tradition extends to his holy family where commander of faithful Imam Ali (a) said many words of wisdom including the one below to one of his companions Kumayl;

People are of two types, they are either your brothers in faith or your equals in humanity

In response to handling unqualities and oppressions, Imam Hussein (a) said:
If you don’t believe in any religion …at least be free in this world

The verses of justice, human rights, equality and equity are apparent all over Quran and prophet and Ahlulbayt traditions and teachings . However sadly, they are the most ignored ones among the Muslims and in Muslim societies.

The video below is a nice recent English lecture by Sayed Salih Qazwini about  human rights and its importance in Islam we hope you find educational;

Planning the Future; An induction in the thoughts of Imam Seyed Mohammad Al-Shirazi

By: Dr. Hussein Al-Rumaithi

 

Absolutely, no one is able to tell the future, and this is fact known to all humans. However, people have tried to come up with methods to predict the future or establish a set of rules and realities to prefect their predictions. Therefore, by implementing these sets of rules and plans, a human is able to tell the unseen in an indirect way, and proportionately be in control of his/her future. Ever since the beginning of twentieth century scholars like Gilfillan and others have called for implementation and study of science of Future, and eliminating history based on a measurable continuous duration.

To summarize the science of Future, it can be described as: the ability to predict based on inducting and dissecting the present political, social and economic realities using case studies and contemporary singular and plural phenomenon to extradite the general standards and norms that will rule the future generations and societies. However, the specific studies and researches about the science of future can be categorized as follows:

  • Systematical supervision of future, specifically out of current bearings of societies.
  • A science that monitors changes and alterations in a specific event of phenomenon, which ultimately would result in ability to predict outcomes in the future, or present preferences and possibilities.
  • A set of studies and researches that aim to outline the directions of events, and the possible changes that might affect the these directions or the guidelines.
  • Systematic scientific diligence that aims to present a set of conditional predictions, which include presenting the major monuments and possible outcomes in a society for a future that, at least is twenty years ahead. In addition, possible variable and intrusions into a society can be predicted and possible resolutions and outcomes can be labeled and presented.

Therefore, the main purpose to study the future would be:

  • Exploring the possible future: this notion would enable us to present approximate future outcomes.
  • Establishing a desired future: this notion would mean a long ranging plan would be necessary for the benefit of all members of society, since they would be the ones affected by the possible future.

Based on the nature of future studies and researches, they are identified by using four elements:

  • Studies that concentrate on scientific methods for identifying future hidden outcomes.
  • They are broader than general science, as they include artistic and philosophical efforts siding with scientific resolutions and methods.
  • These studies are beneficial in determining the necessities of possible challenges in the future.
  • The studies present the necessary information for the decision-makers and planning minds of a state, which makes the studies and researches of future very necessary for any nation.

The importance of these studies, which is evident in all aspects of life can be identified in seven levels:

  • Conducting an action plan to induct possible future outcomes, and predicting possible future ideologies and adoption of methodologies.
  • Comprehension of possible choices and resolution for the purpose of making an informed decision if necessary.
  • Reduction of possible future conflicts and calamities to enable nations and individuals to prepare accordingly.
  • Conducting studies and researches about the future and possible outcomes, is a necessary step in designing strategic plans.
  • Containment of possible collective threats that might endangers large numbers of people or even nations, such as droughts, climate change, nuclear incidents and natural disasters.
  • Rationalization of decision-making bodies by presenting different methods and tools so they are able to comprehend the need or the threat and make an informed decision based on that knowledge.
  • Increase in number of democratic participations for the purpose of planning for the future, which will make the decision more conclusive and comprehensive.

In his book (Jurisprudence of Future) Imam Al-Shirazi mentions a narration by the second Imam of Shi’a Muslims, Imam Al-Hassan, where he says: “do for your world (life) as you might live forever, and do for your after-life, as you might pass away tomorrow”.  Imam Al-Shirazi, argues this narration is a clear action plan for any human to prepare for his future, and give the preponderance to bigger goals than smaller goals. To identify these bigger goals mentioned by Imam Al-Shirazi, he quotes: “The broad necessities of future”, which ultimately mean outweighing the bigger goals against any other desires and smaller goals.

The call of Imam Al-Shirazi to consider for the future is for the purpose of adaption and preparation for the future. History and present-day are connected and in addition, future must be part of this equation. Past, Present and Future are the legs of a tripod that will carry humans through life accordingly.

To enable ourselves keeping up with future and continuous changes, Imam Al-shirazi suggest the following steps:

  • A strong and informed leadership is able to deliver any size of entity to safety, by making the right decisions for the benefit of majority.
  • Observing and monitoring possibilities.
  • Proper and comprehensive action plans.
  • Decisions made by the scientist and scholars of a nation based on the four elements mentioned above.

Imam Al-Shirazi views a knowledgeable human, who has the proper understanding of future and its possibilities is always able to make informed decisions, which makes him secured for the consequences of future calamities and threats, regardless of their nature. Whether political, financial, social or even environmental, such a human being is always a step ahead of everyone else. After all, life is about taking advantage of opportunities and chances that present themselves in life. However, it would be more beneficial for a human to create opportunities for himself, and hold the steering wheel of future in his/her hand.

Unfortunately. The ones that decide to ignore the future, live their present time without any consideration for future, will be the most endangered, and fragile ones if a threat presents itself. Therefore, due to lack of any preparation, they would not be able to adapt and in some cases survive the possible future changes.

Historical & Contemporary Lessons from Karbala

Below is a nice English video produced by Ahlulbayt TV on an interview with Sheikh Sayed Saleh Al-Qazwini on historical & contemporary lessons one can learn from Karbala and martyrdom of Imam Hussein (a).
The video is quite long, over 47 minutes which we invite you to watch when time permits.  However the first 8 minutes of video address a very good point about Imam Hussein (a) journey; That why Imam Hussein (a) fought and why was he carrying a sword if he was a peaceful man and fighting for power was not his goal. This question was brought up by one of the audience which was answered by Sheikh Sayed Salih Qazwini.

While we encourage you to watch the entire video, we invite you to watch the first 8 minutes of the video to get that answer in a very good reasonable response.Also we are including the transcription for the first 8 minutes below the video as well:

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Transcriptions
(first 8 minutes)
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Sister Dr. Rebecca Masterton (Sister going forward)
Salam Alaikom and welcome to Ahlulbayt live and Ahlulbayt TV in these holy days of Muharram and today we are going to be dealing with some main questions that get asked about the mission of Imam Hussein (a) for example his motives…we have been discussing his motives but again some people accuse him of seeking bloodshed…you know because he was carrying a sword and many other questions such as why were his supporters so few …and really looking this from a spiritual prospective as well as political prospective.

My guest is Sayed Sheikh Salih Qazwini and please feel free to call in with any questions or comments.

Salam Alaikom

Sheikh Sayed Saleh Qazwini (Sheikh going forward)
Salamon Alaikom wa rahmatullah

Sister
Thank you very much for your time.

Sheikh
Thank you (for having me)

Sister
We are dealing with some main questions and misunderstandings about Imam Hossein (a) and people may say, why are you talking about this again and I think its enough to say that sadly despite that we have so much information and media out there about what happened with tragedy of Karbala and yet there’s still fundamental misunderstandings! Even the other day I saw someone commenting saying that we can love other figures but they didn’t have a swords for example….(that) other figures are more lovable or worthy of move love and they didn’t carry a sword; This kind of implication that Imam Hussein was like a war monger for example!

How do we respond to this fact? Yes he was carrying a sword he was prepared for some combat but he still brought his family!

Sheikh
Bismellah Rahmane Rahim (in the name of God, gracious and merciful)
Alhamdullah Rabel Alamin (Praise be to God Lord of the worlds)
Wa Salatu Salam Ala Ashrafel Anbia Wa Morselein (Blessings and Peace be upon the highest of prophets and messengers)
Habibi Elaha Alamin (Beloved of God of the worlds)
Abulqaseme Mustafa Muhammad (Father of Qasim Mustafa Muhamma – SAWS)
Wa Ala Ahlulbayte Taiebiin wa Taherin  (and His pure and chosen progeny)

Sheikh Continues
These days we are gathering and remembering Imam Hussein (a) and all over the world there are (majalis) gatherings in remembrances of Imam Hussein (a).
People have put their lives on hold and gathering to remember the grandson of Rasullah (Messenger of Allah) SAWS.

However until today, we still a group of people that are agains the Ahlulbayt. Just like 1400 years ago a group of people that carried a sword against the Ahlulbayt…and until today we see there is a propaganda. There’s an ideology that spread against the Ahlulbayt (p)

You know…1400 years ago when Yazid sent an army to kill Imam Hussein (a), the battle of Imam Hussein (a) was not just a battle that lasted 3 or 4 hours on land of Karbala.

Yazid had two armies, there was one army that was led by Omar Ibn Saad….and there was another army that was army of propaganda. That army had speakers, poets, reciters, judges that would go and issue fatwards (rulings, negative propaganda) against the grandson of Messenger of Allah (SAWS).

There was a Qazi (judge) who was a known judge that issued a ruling against Imam Hussein (a)! Just like today that we see there are fatwards (rulings) that are being issued against the innocent civilians. There was a fatwa and propaganda movement (against the Imam). They would have speakers and poets that would stand (in front of the crowd) and curse the Ahlulbayt (a). Today we (Shias) are accused of cursing some of the Sahabs (companions) while before there were individuals where people take them as leaders and give them respect that initiated and established the cursing of Ahlulbayt..and one of the means of propaganda that they did against Imam Hussein was that they said “Hussein (a) stood against the nation of his grandfather and he was killed by the sword of his grandfather.” This is because they (Sunnis) believe any person who is a leader is a legitimate leader and no one can come and stand against this person. So Imam Hussein (a) stood against the leader of his time. However Imam Hussein (a) felt the responsibility. Imam Hussein (a) felt that he had a duty to protect the faith protect the religion because a man like Yazid was in power. That a man like Yazid…not (according to) us…you see Shias were not the ones that wrote the history because the Shias were the oppressed they were the minority. They (Shias at the time) did not have the power the government was not in hands of the Shias.  They were not the ones that wrote the history.

Today see you some of  the known historians such as Ibn-Kathir and other historians who describe the acts of Yazid and what Yazid used to do publicly in front of people. Sitting on Chair of messenger of Allah, he would do things that wouldn’t fit a human being rather a Muslim or a leader of Muslims. So Imam Hussein (a) saw that he had to do something; That he couldn’t give green light to Yazid. Because we have a very important concept in religion of Islam that is something that is not practiced very much today (sadly)…and when we gather and when we remember Imam Hussein (a), it reminds us to go back to that concept; and that concept is amre be maroof va nahy az monkar (inviting to good and discouraging wrong) as Allah says in Quran (recites verse of Quran regarding this).

There has to be a group of people in the Ummah that does Amre be maroof. Imam Hussein (a) he stood for Amre be Maroof (invitation to good). This is why he stood Imam Husssein (a).

And some people say that Imam Hussein (a) stood for bloodshed and that he wanted to fight…first of all Imam Hussein’s battle was a defensive battle. Imam Hussein (a) was the one that was being attacked. Today when they said it was Imam Hussein (a) was there to fight (then you should ask) they did they kill his children? why did they kill his 6 month old child?  This means they wanted to crush Imam Hussein (a) and movement of Imam Hussein (a). Their war was not just agains Imam Hussein (a) it was against the family of messenger of Allah (saws).

Imam Hussein (a), before he went on that journey, he made sure to let the world know why he was going on that journey he said;  “I am no standing to cause bloodshed and fighting” this is not something that Ahlulbayt were after. You look at their life, you see that they were not into bloodshed. Imam Hussein (a).

Imam Hussein (a) had to make a stance against the Yazid and they killed him.

(Stopping transcription at minute 8:05).

 

Who Killed Imam Hussein? (Sunni Source)

There are a lot of confusion among Sunnis on who killed Imam Hussein (a) and why was Imam martyred! Throughout the Islamic history Sunnis and their scholars have done justice in telling the story of Imam Hussein and all the crimes that were committed by Muawia and his Son Yazid.

The reason for this indenial is Sunni’s ideology. They believe Sahaba (companions) of prophet Muhammad (saws) were all guided and righteous  regardless of the evidence that many of them were traitors and hypocrites. In fact there is an entire chapter in holy Quran about the hypocrites and name of that chapter is actually Hypocrites (Surat Al-Munāfiqūn (The Hypocrites)):

When the hypocrites come to you, [O Muhammad], they say, “We testify that you are the Messenger of Allah And Allah knows that you are His Messenger, and Allah testifies that the hypocrites are liar [63:1]
They have taken their oaths as a cover, so they averted [people] from the way of Allah . Indeed, it was evil that they were doing. [63:2]

This chapter clearly indicates that they were many among  the followers of prophet Muhammad (saws) whom were traitors and companions. There are also other verses in Quran where prophet was abandoned by his own followers and so-called companions, an example is in Surah Jumma of Holy Quran:

But when they saw a transaction or a diversion, [O Muhammad], they rushed to it and left you standing. Say, “What is with Allah is better than diversion and than a transaction, and Allah is the best of providers.” [62:11]

Son of Sahaba Killed Imam Hussein

If Sahaba (companions) all were so righteous, then why there are some like Muawia and his son Yazid? It is well documented that they were those such as Muawia committed many crimes and his son, whom Muawia passed the leadership to, committed the biggest crime of humanity when he killed Imam Hussein (a), the grandson of best creation of God, prophet Muhammad (saws). Yazid is the one who killed Imam Hussein, Imam’s brother, Imam’s sons (including his newborn), Imam’s relatives and companions. Yazid is son of Muawia and he was appointed by Muawia himself.

Unfortunately, there are many Sunnis and so-called Sunni scholars that don’t admit to this fact. In fact, the ones from Salafi \ Wahabi \ Ahlulhadith school of sunnis even try to portray Yazid as a good person. Below is what a grand Mufti from Saudi Arabia Mufti Sheikh Abdulaziz Al al-Sheikh said a few years back:

The allegiance to Yazid was legitimate [and obligatory].
The pledge as procured by his father (muawia) during his lifetime 
So people pledged their loyalty and accepted his authority 
But when he (Muawiah] died, Hussein son of Ali and Abdullah son of Zubair refused to pay homage to Yazid.
The first person to pay homage was the son of Omar, yet Hussein and Abdullah refused to do so
But in refusing to do so they were mistaken …because Yazeed’s authority was legitimate, secured for him during his father’s lifetime and people accepted it. 

The arrogance and ignorance of this sect is to high that they even named an entire school in name of Yadid.

Prophet Muhammad and Killing of Hussein
Let’s look at what prophet Muhammad (saws) himself had to say about this before he died. The holy apostle of God prophesied killing of Imam Hussein (a) and hinted to all Muslims that when that happens, Hussein would be on the right path and his enemies on wrong path and accursed. Below is the narration from prophet in regards to this:

(O Hussein) I am in war with those who will fight you, and in peace with those who are peaceful to you
(Source: Our post: Is the Muslim World Cursed?)

The narration above clearly states that prophet and chief of Islam, the leader of all Muslims who is closer to Muslims than their own-selves (Quran-33:6), has declared war with enemies of Hussein (a) and he has declared friendship with friends of Hussein (a). The holy prophet further tells his companions exactly who will kill Imam Hussein (a):

Ibn Azam Kufi, one of the respected figures among Sunnis, narrates a hadith from prophet on behalf of Ibn Abbas, according to 4th book of Al-Fotooh in page 325:

“…when Imam Hussein (a) was 2 years old, prophet Muhammad (saws) were leaving on a trip outside of Media then the holy prophet all of the sudden stopped and said ‘we are from God and to God we return’. Then I saw prophet fell into tears. We asked prophet ‘O Apostle of God, what happened to you? Why did you all of the sudden and stop why are you crying?’  Prophet responded; ‘(Archangels)  Gabriel has just informed of a land near Furat that is called Karbala..in that land they kill my son Hussein’. Then we asked the prophet  ‘who will kill Hussein?’. Prophet responded ‘a man who is called Yazid’”

The killer of Imam Hussein (a) and his companions are cursed forever according to prophet himself hence  Yazid and his army and his followers and his sympathizers to this day and forever are accursed as prophet of God has waged war against them and according to holy Quran, those that are at war against the prophet are at war against God and those people are the losers in hereafter!

 

 

Necessity of Mourning for Imam Hussein(a) – Video Transcription

Ayatullah Seyed Sadiqh Shirazi, is one of the well known and well versed grand-scholars (marja) among Shia Muslims who currently lives in Qom, Iran. Among his teachings, he emphasizes greatly on events of Ashura and message of Imam Hussein (a), which is about true Islam. In the short video below, he discusses importance of remembering and mourning for Imam Hussein which we are providing the English translation in form of transcription.  The original video is in Farsi.

English Transcription:

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I have been asked by some people (about reason for mourning for Imam Hussein, also called Matam). (They have often said things like )  “Imam Hussein (a) won why are you crying? Why are you wearing black? Didn’t Imam Hussein (a) considered victorious or not? So why mourning and crying for him? “
(My answer to them) has been yes Imam Hussein (a) was victorious. Islam was born by Prophet Muhammad (SAWS) and was reborn again by sacrifice of Imam Hussein (a). If the event of Ashura didn’t happen,  Bani Ummayad (Arab rulers of the time) would have completely eradicated Islam. No one would have been a Muslim today on Earth!

It is very true Imam Hussein (a) was victorious but at what price was that victory? What injustices he (and his near ones) had to go through(to obtain this victory)?

God almighty taught  Angel Gibrael how to Mourn for Hussein (matam) and Gibrael taught prophet Adam (a) how to perform matam (for Hussein). I seek refuge to God Almighty, I beg forgiveness from God Almighty (for what I am about to say), Didn’t God  know Imam Hussein (a) would have been victorious?

(Also it is documented that instead of happiness and ceremony) Prophet Muhammad (saws) recited Matam on night of wedding of Lady Fatima Zahra peace of God be upon her (because she was mother of Imam Hussein).

This is a righteous sunna (tradition) of Prophet; What a great tradition! Try, O Young people, the night of your wedding recite a few words of Matam about Imam Hussein (as). This (great tradition of prophet) will become a blessing (in your life).

Didn’t apostle of God know that Imam Hussein (a) would be victorious? Commander of Faithful Imam Ali (a) wouldn’t know Imam Hussein (a) would be victorious when he was in Karbala he broke down to tears?  The holy Imam said ‘here’s the place here’s the place’. Didn’t he know his son Imam Hussein (a) would be victorious?

The events of (tragedy of martyrdom) of Imam Hussein (a), if an injustice or mistake done against the holy Imam (or his remembered), even if it is a little injustice against Hossein (a) that person will burn a person (in hellfire). Maybe if someone had pure intention and said or did something wrong out of ignorance God would forgive him in hereafter (but we need to understand rank of Imam Hussein). He is who had to face at least 30,000 people. One of the people who was among that army fighting Imam Hussein stood at the end of the army so he wouldn’t have to get involved in the war with Imam Hussein (a) and his companions. That person didn’t rise his sword, didn’t throw an arrow, not even threw a stone or chanted against Hussein (a). He woke up one day from sleep sometime after martyrdom of Imam Hussein (a) found that he was blind, they asked him “what happened” he said “last night I saw prophet Muhammad – saws- in my dream with a bowl of blood in his hand. Prophet ordered the angels to take me to him. Then the holy prophet put his hands in the blood and rubbed it on my eyes and it burnt. I woke up and found out I have gone blind.“

(Addressing a male only crowd) Gentlemen, don’t get deceived. Tell your friends to be careful. Study for yourselves; Observe for yourselves. All these things I just told you is like grabbing a little water from Ocean (of Imam Hussein). It is vast and deep this story of Imam Hussein (and very high is his rank in sight of God). It is much deeper than whatever we think.

Martyrs of Badr (battle during time of prophet), don’t come close to even one of the martyrs of Imam Hussein (a). Martyrs of Saffin that were fighting along with commander of faithful Imam Ali (a) and were killed for sake of nearness of God, don’t come even close to martyrs of Imam Hussein (a).

 

(end of Transcription)

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Summary
The respected grand scholar Ayatullah Shirazi was trying to convey the importance of remembrance and mourning (matam) for Imam Hussein (a). He is teaching all followers and loves of Ahlulbayt (progeny of Prophet) not to get deceived by the new age deviated thinking that mourning is bad or it is unislamic. Mourning for the righteous especially for Imam Hussein (a) is a Sunna (tradition of prophet ) that is ordered by God almighty  according to well documented sources and it has been practiced by the Angeles, Prophets,  Imams and saints. We are not greater than them and we are no exception either so we need to keep the tradition of remembering and mourning for Hussein (a) alive.