By Ahmad Ali (Contributor)
There is no right political career without parties competing for power. That is one of the political realities one can see among the democratic countries around the world.
The political parties have a great deal of impact on a democracy when majority is supposed to agree so one can say that there is no true democracy without the political parties because they are the bases of a democratic society in the modern time is organization through such parties.
It is a necessity in a democratic country to have a democratic parliamentary system in which a particular multi-party state participate and contribute to best represent their people which is the vision of true democratic country,
As for the importance of the political parties in the communities we find that there are those who believe in the necessity of its existence as a unit that will be a factor of stability and support for governments and political systems, and there are those who believe it could be divisive and nationalist conflict and instability factor.
Definition and Goal of a Political Party
John Benoit defines the political party as an organized rally to contribute in the conduct of institutions or access to the highest political authority in the country to implement the program and the interests and of its members.
In all of the cases, the aim of every political party is getting into power or at least the influence at the decisions of the governing authority. And if they do not seek the power or the influence it can't be called a political party.
And political parties are related to government as a central state authority and representation in Parliament and this relationship isn't on one level, there are distributed in many dimensions there are trends which dominate the political process, and there are other parties which have participation in power, and there are parties which are marginalized in the taking of the political decisions, and there are the opposition parties to the political process who show resistance to the high power authorities.
Characteristics and Roles of a Political Party
The political parties have a number of characteristics which can be summarized as: