Imam Ali Describes The Prophet Mohammed

shiawisdom December 12, 2017

Imam Ali (as) states: He (Muhammad (S)) was not vulgar nor did he condone vulgarity, and he was not one to shout in the marketplace. He did not reward evil with evil, rather, he would forgive and overlook. He never in his life struck anything with his hand except when he was fighting in the name of Allah. He never struck a servant nor a woman, and I never saw him taking revenge for an injustice dealt him, except if the prohibitions of Allah were transgressed. For if the prohibitions of Allah were transgressed he was among the strongest of them in anger. He was never given a choice between two matters but he chose the simplest of the two. If he entered his home he was a man like any other; cleaning his own garment, milking his own goat, and serving himself.

He would guard his tongue against that which did not concern him. He would attract them (the people) and not repel them. He would ennoble the noble of the people and charge them with their affairs. He was wary of the people and guarded himself against them but without depriving them a warm smile or fitting conduct. He would inquire after his companions and would ask the people about their affairs. He would encourage that which was good and strengthen it, and he would discourage that which was evil and undermine it. He was balanced and consistent. He would never be neglectful that they would not learn neglect and grow indifferent. He had a provision for every occasion and he never fell short of justice nor exceeded it.

The closest people to him were the best among them, and the best among them in his eyes were the most comprehensive in advice. The highest of them in stature with him was the best among them in looking after the people and assisting them. He would not rise nor sit down without praise [to Allah]. If he visited a gathering he would sit wherever the group ended (and not at their head) and he encouraged the same. He would give all those sitting with him they're just due [to the extent that] they would each feel that none was more important to him than them. If someone were to sit with him or come in search of a favor he would be patient with them until they (the guest) would be the one to leave. Whoever came to him with a request was never turned away except with that which they had asked for or with a kind word. His cheerfulness and good manners encompassed them all such that he became a father to them and they all became equal in rights. His gatherings were those of knowledge, humbleness, patience, and integrity. In them, there would be no raising of voices nor transgressions of prohibitions. They would not expose one another's errors but would be equal, encouraging each other in the fear of Allah. In them, they would respect their elders, be merciful to their children, give preference to those in need, and protect the stranger."

Ali (as) continued: "He was continually smiling, gentle in manners, soft in nature. He was not severe, harsh-hearted, loud, abusive, or miserly. He would disregard that which he disliked, and no one ever despaired of him. He never responded to disparagement or evil words. He forbade upon himself three things: Argument, arrogance, and that which did not concern him. And he relieved the people of three: He would not degrade any among them or abuse them, he would not search after their honor or private matters, and he would not speak except in matters which he hoped to be rewarded for. When he spoke his attendees would lower their heads as if birds had alighted upon them. Once he finished they would speak. They would not vie with one another in his presence to speak, but when one would talk in his presence the rest would listen until he finished. Speech in his presence was that of the first among them. He would laugh with them, and wonder with them. He had patience with the strangers when they were gruff in speech and requests, to a degree that his companions would fetch them to him. He would say: 'If you see someone in need, fetch him to me.' He would not accept praise except those who were balanced and not excessive. He would not interject into someone's speech unless they transgressed, in which case he would either rebuke them or else leave.

He was the most generous of heart, truthful of tongue, softest indisposition, and noble in the relationship. He who first set eyes upon him feared him, but he who associated with him loved him. Those who described him would say: 'I have never seen before or after him anyone similar to him, peace be upon him'." [Nahjul Balagha]

 

Women’s Right in Islam

shiawisdom August 15, 2016

Hussein Al-Rumaithi - As said in previous articles, there is specific exclusiveness surrounding the status of women in Islam, as they are considered among the most important portion of society. Therefore, any aspect and notion relating to women must secure their rights, exclusiveness and moral codes, which are linked to her obligatory religious duties. Among those important aspects of a woman’s life is work and her choice to adopt a professional career in society. Islam does not prohibit women to attain any job or position if it does not violate and contradict their obligations and codes. Becoming an elected official, university professor, physician, consultant or any other professional expert is a legitimate right of any woman. Muslim women have held high political, academic and social posts in the modern era which shows the acceptance of Muslim nations toward having female leaders. In addition, Islamic history is filled with honorable examples of women being glorified in history as legends and unforgettable figures. The daughter of Imam Ali (a), Lady Zainab is a great example of how a woman can carry a role, which many men cannot. Distinguishing between right and wrong has been outlined by women in times of ambiguity and loss, as Lady Fatima Al-Zahra (a) indicates in her sermon after her father’s death. Other female figures in Islamic history are excellent case studies for academic researchers and even books regarding gender equality issues in Islamic societies. Studying these cases will reveal the illegitimacy of any violent and unethical treatment of women in Islamic countries, which doesn’t represent the teachings of Islam and its Holy Prophet (P.B.U.H).

General Jurisprudential rules regarding work & workplace for women:

Unanimously, careers and jobs that place a female with other females only are perfectly fine and permitted for any Muslim women. For instance, many obstetrics and gynecology departments suffer from lack of female experts, which is an excellent opportunity for Muslim women to seek education and career in this field if interested. Other cases like segregated schools in some parts of North American and Europe and many places in the Middle East are great to work environment for Muslim women to seek a job, as their interaction with opposite sex is minimized. In addition, according to the majority of Shia scholars, a woman is able to work in all places, jobs, and positions where her modesty, faith, and dignity is not jeopardized.
  • A woman is not allowed to come in direct contact with another male. (They can work together and cooperate in work-related material, yet contact is prohibited)
  • A woman’s uniform at work must be compatible with Islamic rules, which prohibit revealing parts that are not allowed to be shown in public. (even tight uniforms, where body figure is visible are considered as prohibited as well)
  • A woman’s job and career must not jeopardize her role in the house as a mother and a spouse. (not exclusive to men)
  • A female physician is not allowed to touch a male patient unless necessity mandates such contact.
  • The income attained by women doesn’t have to be shared with spouse for household expenditure, as this is the responsibility of the husband.
  • The permission of husband to work outside the house is necessary for a wife.
There are many other rules and guidelines that govern the affairs of a woman in the workplace, yet they are all for the benefit of women to secure a healthy, dignified and honorable environment for her. Guarding faith and dignity should be the priority of any human, whether male or female in workplaces.

Voice of Human Justice: Ali Ibn Abi Talib. (Part 2)

February 10, 2015

Part 2 (Things only ALI would do)

By: Hussein Al-Rumaithi Paul Salamah the famous Lebanese poet and author writes about Ali and says: Truth has been so evident for a Christian that he identifies himself as follower of Ali. If Ali was not a messenger, then his creation and attributes were prophet-like. Therefore, O’ sky be my witness and O’ earth acknowledge that I love Ali and don’t say Shi’as are the only followers of Ali, when every impartial person is a Shi’a. These were the words of a Christian writer about Imam Ali and what it means to read about Ali and what it means to follow Ali, since Ali has defined perfection and everything noble in his conduct and personality. In the previous part, I stated some of the stories, which showed the noble attributes of this great man, and in this part I will continue by giving more examples about the beauty of Ali’s presence.

Ali Defines Justice, Tolerance and

Coexistence

It is narrated that one day Imam Ali the caliph of Muslims had a dispute with a Jewish man about an armor, where Imam Ali claimed the armor was his and the Jewish man denied the allegation. Therefore, Imam Ali asked the Jewish man to come with him to the Judge and resolve the matter before him. The Jewish man accepted the offer and went with Imam Ali to the judge. The judge heard the story from Imam Ali, and then asked him: do you have a witness to testify the armor is yours? Imam Ali replied: Yes my son Hussein is my witness, and his son Imam Hussein testified that the armor was his father’s. The Judge asked Imam Ali once more, if he had a second witness, and Imam Ali said that he does not have a second witness. Therefore, the judge ruled in favor of the Jewish man, and said due to absence of sufficient witnesses the armor belongs to the defendant. Imam Ali, accepted the ruling and was about to leave the place, when the Jewish man said: you are the caliph of Muslims, and you brought me here to a Judge, and the Judge ruled in my favor, and you are fine with this notion. You are the true successor of Mohammad. You were right, the armor is yours. It fell of your camel when you were leaving for a battle, and I took it. Then the Jewish man converted to Islam, when he saw the tolerance of Ali and his Justice and acceptance of others.

Ali Defines Justice, Tolerance and Coexistence 2

Caliph of Muslims, Imam Ali was walking in the Bazar with his companions one day and he witnesses an old man begging in the street. Imam Ali, asks his companions: why is this man begging in my state? They reply by saying that he is an old Christian man. Imam Ali tells them: How can you say such a thing, you used his as a member of the society when he was young and full of energy and now that he needs help, we offer him nothing? Then Imam Ali, orders his companions to address the needs of that Christian man and take care of his necessities and provide for him.

Satisfaction Equals Dignity

One of the companions of Imam Ali witnesses the cloak, which Imam Ali is wearing is very old and in poor condition and it is falling apart. Therefore, he tells Imam Ali, O’ master of the faithful, you are the caliph of Muslims and your cloak is in very poor condition. Why don’t you buy a new one and throw this one away? Imam Ali replies: I became the caliph and I only had this cloak and I am leaving my post with this only cloak as well. I don’t people to say Ali used his position to buy fancy and new cloths for himself, when there is a possibility that I have a needy man/women in my state. Without pointing fingers, I must say the closet of many state leaders and officials cannot hold the expensive suits and clothing they keep buying, when there are homeless people in their nations.

Ethics, Morals and Mercy at All Times with Everyone, Even the Enemy.

During the battle of Seffin, which was one of the battles Imam Ali had to face during his Caliphate, his army was against the corrupt governor of Levant Muawiya Ibn Abi Sufyan. Imam Ali had replaced Muawiay with another governor, but Muawiya rejected leaving his post and remained in Damascus and waged a war against Imam Ali. The two armies met in the modern Iraqi-Syrian border region, in what is today called the city of Reqqa, which hosts the Euphrates as well. Therefore, at one stage during the battle the army of Levant took control of the river and banned the army of Imam Ali from accessing any water. However, during a maneuver the army of Imam Ali was able to regain control over the river and make the other army withdraw. Nevertheless, the action that made everyone including the army of Muawiya be in state of shock, was that Imam Ali did not ban the other army from accessing water. When he was asked about the rationale behind his decision, he replied: if we do the same thing they did, then there is no difference between us and our battle here is waste of time. We are fighting for values and morals and we are the followers of Mohammad, who was the peak of ethics and morals.

No Place for Negativism

It is narrated during the battle of Seffin, some members of Imam Ali’s army were gathered around each other and were cursing and insulting the army of Muawiya. Imam Ali was passing by and he heard his those men in his army talking about their enemy in that kind of degrading manner. He stopped and hold those men: do not be cursers and insulters. Talk about, what they did and what they do, it will be more appraised and valued for evidence. This notion shows that Imam Ali wanted to teach the future generations about the value of being positive in all situations, and negativity against any side would have negative results. Just viewing the candidates ads during the elections would show how negativity would actually lower the chances of a candidate, when he/she could be offering his/her alternative programs and solutions for the society they are running for. TO BE CONTINUED.

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